This is awesome
Do yourself a favour and get a spot of space (couple of GBs) and get all your media onto this file system with the following commands:
1. Put the first media CD/DVD into your drive – you do not have to mount it.
2. Make sure you have you file system mounted.
3. Look at what filesets are on the media you are about to build:
gencopy -d /dev/cd0 -t /repository-filesystem -U -X -L all | wc -l
gencopy -d /dev/cd0 -t /repository-filesystem -U -X -L all | more
4. Write it out to a file somewhere:
gencopy -d /dev/cd0 -t /repository-filesystem -U -X -L all >/tmp/filename.txt
5. Do the actual copy/repository build:
gencopy -d /dev/cd0 -t /repository-filesystem -U -X all
6. Stick in the next cd/dvd:
7. Redo steps 1 to 6 until you are done.
8. TAKE NOTE that the actual build takes quite some time.
9. ALSO, make sure you have enough space on /var and /tmp to accommodate the lists the o/s builds to do the media build.
Once done, you will have 1 file system with ALL your media filesets in it.
Then do your ‘smitty install’ and check if you can get your rsct.basic.rte sorted.
Well, it made me do a lot of googling to find how to do set apache2 with php on debian, actaully i think it was working, but since i was trying with userdir, and it was not working, so checked in /etc/apache2/mods-available/php5.conf
# To re-enable php in user directories comment the following lines
# (from <IfModule …> to </IfModule>.) Do NOT set it to On as it
# prevents .htaccess files from disabling it.
and then everything was so easy. Well btw, if facing a problem of php file being downloaded the solution is pretty simple. This could be because Debian’s config puts “application/x-httpd-php php” in its mime.types file, but fortunately the fix is easy. Clear your browser’s cache and restart the browser, and then try again.
Installing Apache 2 and PHP 5 on Debian
Lately a lot of folks on #Apache have requested help with installation of Apache 2[.2] and PHP 5 on Debian-based systems.
Even though this is a rather straightforward process, we have so far neglected to document it. This page provides that documentation.
Preparing your system
Before getting started, you should prepare your system, and before preparing your system, you should prepare yourself. You should know: What do you want to achieve? What technology is best to achieve that goal? What constraints are there?
Now that you know that you want to create a website, using Apache 2, PHP 5 and MySQL, that your knowledge is your only constraint, and that this wiki will help you learn more, you can start preparing your system by typing [either as root, or prefixed with sudo]:
This will download the latest lists of packages, to make sure you install the current versions of the software.
Installing the Software
Installing the required packages is as straightforward as installing any other package on Debian; the trick is knowing what packages you need:
apt-get install apache2-mpm-prefork libapache2-mod-php5
This should actually suffice. Debian’s package mangement system should now automatically chose the missing packages which need to be installed. If you’re running the latest version of Debian [as of this writing: Etch], you might want to also install the latest [and best] version of apache, by explicitly specifying apache2.2-common in the above install command.
If you also need MySQL, adding php5-mysql and mysql-server-5.0, should do the rest of the magic.
After that install is complete, visiting http://localhost/ in your browser should prove that you now have a running web server.
As Debian is trying to be extra-friendly, it splits a single package up into all possible and impossible modules. In Apache’s case those modules are called libapache2-mod-something and their configuration files are saved in /etc/apache2/mods-available. To enable a module, you’d type something like:
Which will simply symlink /etc/apache2/mods-available/php5.conf and /etc/apache2/mods-available/php5.load to /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/.
If you had php4 installed you might get the following error when restarting apache:
Forcing reload of web server (apache2)...apache2: Syntax error on line 185 of /etc/apache2/apache2.conf: Syntax error on line 1 of /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/php4.load: Cannot load /usr/lib/apache2/modules/libphp4.so into server: /usr/lib/apache2/modules/libphp4.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory failed!
To solve this disable the php4 module:
For debian Lenny (5.0) and lower
You’re half done now. The last two things that need to be taken care of are to correct Debian’s default PHP configuration for Apache. You can do this by editing /etc/apache2/mods-available/php5.conf:
Change: AddType application/x-httpd-php .php to: <FilesMatch \.php$> SetHandler application/x-httpd-php </FilesMatch> and save the changes.
And now you’ll have to tell Apache to reload its configuration and thus enable PHP:
That’s it. You should now be able to run PHP scripts on your newly installed web server.
Today is the 10th day in my new org. It seems its good working here. Lots of new things to learn and to do. I have changed my no. to something new. well just a joke. anyways it will be changed only to something new.. well in any case. Planning to give my page a new look as well. Lets see how long will this take, or am i just going to take it as a never ending project and will never finish what i start, as usual. well in any case working on the new theme. Hopefully a lighter and better theme to lighten this space.
Today is my first day in the new org. Things are pretty smooth and organized here, i miss my the way we used to do things by numerous follow ups and other things… lets see, since this is just the first day it would be difficult for me to comment on the work culture.. Hope things will be more smooth and will have great working experinence here. I am not putting much in here as this is just the first day. Will update and put more in this once i am in better position to put things in the right order and can compare my previous experiences.
Sorry folks.. today is my last day at my present organization. I took the decision to pursue better and bigger goals in life. The time spent here was great as i had done so many things there in co-operation with my team and other teams. Though, i am feeling a bit disappointed in leaving the org. but then i know I am going for a better career and a bright future. I hope will get the same team spirit and co-ordination in the neworg as it was here.
Hope to encounter you again in the near future.
Congress manifesto for General Elections 2009
On March 24, Congress President Sonia Gandhi
released the party manifesto in New Delhi. Security, respect and
prosperity of all citizens would sbe the party’s endeavour, she said.
The UPA Chairperson was accompanied by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukhrejee. Sonia projected Manmohan Singh
as the next prime minister of the country saying that there could be
many candidates for the post but no one matched up to him. Following is
the full text of the Indian National Congress’s Lok Sabha Elections 2009 manifesto
Aam Admi Ke Badhte Kadam
Har Kadam Par Bharat Buland
Elections to the 15th Lok Sabha are to be held shortly.
This is the time for you to choose your government at the Centre.
Indian National Congress respectfully seeks a renewed mandate from the
people. We pledge to continue our work to ensure a life of security,
dignity and prosperity for every citizen.
Indian National Congress seeks this mandate on the strength of the
performance of the Congress-led UPA government during 2004-09.
We made promises in our manifesto of 2004.
We have delivered on them in a very substantial measure.
Indian National Congress seeks a fresh mandate on the basis of its core
values and ideology — secularism, nationalism, social justice, and
economic growth for all, especially for the aam admi.
seek a fresh mandate on the basis of our heritage, record of service
and vision of the future. We reaffirm our unflinching commitment to the
welfare of all our people, especially to the well-being of the weaker
sections of our society.
Indian National Congress is the only party that appeals to, and derives
its strength from, each and every section of our society.
Indian National Congress is the only party that believes that economic
growth and communal harmony, and economic growth and social justice,
are two sides of the same coin and must always go hand-in-hand.
Indian National Congress is the only party that combines experience and
youth, wisdom and exuberance, achievement and ambition.
II. Why Congress?
These are national elections.
there will be regional, state-level and local issues that are
important, these are elections for a government at the Centre, one that
will govern all of India in its many diversities and fulfill its
multitude of hopes and aspirations.
is only the Indian National Congress that is anchored in the larger
vision of India as a nation, while at the same time being sensitive to
regional and local sentiments.
is only the Indian National Congress that has demonstrated its
commitment to a strong Centre, to strong States, and to strong
panchayats and nagarpalikas. India’s political system must have space
for institutions at each of these three levels. Each has a vital and
specific role to play.
National Congress is fighting these elections in alliance with
like-minded parties in some States. These parties share the progressive
vision and values of the Congress. Over the past five years, the Indian
National Congress has managed a coalition government at the Centre,
accommodating the views of its partners but without compromising on any
of the essential principles of nation-building.
so, what India needs most today — what every Indian needs most today –
at the national level is a party with an All-India perspective and with
an All-India presence. The Indian National Congress is the only such
The Indian National Congress
is the party that, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, led our
people into freedom from colonial rule. It is the party whose
leadership, by the admission of Dr. Ambedkar himself, made our
National Congress is the party that, under the leadership of Jawaharlal
Nehru, established the foundations of the modern Indian nation-state
with its abiding commitment to parliamentary democracy, secularism,
economic development, and science and technology.
from experience at every step, the Indian National Congress is the
party that has responded creatively to the challenges of the times
through the establishment of a vast public sector manufacturing base in
the fifties; through bank nationalization and the Green and White
Revolutions spearheaded by Indira Gandhi in the late-sixties and
seventies; through prudent liberalization and the IT Revolution created
by Rajiv Gandhi in the eighties; bolder economic reforms in the
nineties; and unprecedented economic growth over the past five years.
It is the only party that is forward-looking, the only party that
believes a better future is the right of every Indian.
achievements of India since 1947 are the achievements of its people –
of its farmers and farm labour, its organized sector and unorganized
sector workers, its managers, its scientists and engineers, its
teachers, doctors and other professionals, its entrepreneurs and
businesspersons. It has been the privilege of the Indian National
Congress to have provided the political leadership that heralded these
accomplishments under the Prime Ministerships of Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal
Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Narasimha Rao and Dr. Manmohan Singh.
Congress vs BJP: Secular, Liberal Nationalism vs Narrow Communalism
Indian National Congress has always been in the forefront of the battle
against those forces that seek to divide and fragment our society.
Indian National Congress has always been the bulwark against the four
“isms” that threaten to tear our country apart — communalism of all
kinds, linguistic chauvinism, regional parochialism and casteism.
At the national level, the BJP has sought to position itself as the main political rival of the Indian National Congress.
Indian National Congress rejects this presumptuous posturing since the
BJP is simply not present in large parts of our country.
Even so, the contest between the Indian National Congress and the BJP is not just a fight between two political parties.
is, in essence, a clash between two competing visions of Indian
nationalism, between two competing visions of what India should be.
Indian National Congress’s secular and liberal nationalism has an equal
place for each and every Indian. It is an inclusive vision. The BJP’s
narrow and communal nationalism denies equality and equal rights to
large sections of our people. It is an exclusionary doctrine.
Indian National Congress’s secular and liberal nationalism is founded
on a celebration of India’s many diversities. The BJP’s narrow and
communal nationalism rejects many of these diversities and seeks to
impose an artificial uniformity on our people.
Indian National Congress practices the politics of consensus and
cooperation. The BJP practices the politics of divisiveness and
discord. Instinctively, the Indian National Congress unites, while the
Third Front – a recipe for chaos
is also the so-called Third Front, a grouping of opportunistic parties.
These parties have neither consistency nor clarity. They have neither
competence nor commitment. This Front, grounded in the politics of
convenience, is nothing but a platform for personal ambitions. It
speaks of “alternative polices” without spelling out what these
alternatives are. Parties of the Third Front do one thing when they are
in power and quite another when they are rejected by the people.
Left Parties, who are prime movers behind the so-called Third Front,
supported the Congress-led UPA government for over four years. They
attempted to exercise authority without taking on any responsibility.
At every step, they violated the discipline, restraint and sobriety so
very essential for running a coalition smoothly. At every step, the
Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh,
briefed them on all important issues. The Left Parties withdrew their
support on the issue of the civilian nuclear agreement even though it
had been negotiated and concluded on our own terms. They adamantly
refused to listen to reasoned arguments that convincingly demonstrated
that the agreement was in India’s supreme national interest.
Left Parties and their present partners pride themselves on being
secular. On the contrary, it may be recalled that they had actively
aligned with the BJP in the past. They are, in fact, responsible for
the electoral growth of the BJP.
past experience has shown, the Third Front is a recipe for political
instability. Lacking a natural national anchor, it is a recipe for
chaos, not cohesion.
Only a united India can fight terrorism
The integrity and security of India are paramount. Terrorism threatens many countries, including India.
knows no religion and it respects no political boundary. It is, as has
become painfully evident, not confined to any community or any
political persuasion. Its method is the mindless use of violence
directed at the innocent in the most cowardly manner.
Let it be very clear — terrorism must be fought relentlessly, intelligently and wisely, and without fear or favour.
can be fought only by a united people, not by a people divided by
religion. Religious polarization that is intrinsic to the BJP severely
erodes our capacity to combat terrorism.
is only the Indian National Congress that can deal with the scourge of
terrorism squarely and decisively but without weakening the delicate
strands that have, together, bound our society for centuries.
with terrorism aided and abetted from across our borders does not
require a “muscular” foreign policy as advocated by the BJP. The
country knows the heavy price that was paid for such a “muscular”
foreign policy—stupor in Kargil, surrender in Kandahar and stalemate in
What India needs
is an intelligent and wise foreign policy, a foreign policy that is
rooted in our traditions, gives us strength through our unity and
common purpose, and radiates confidence.
the November 2008 attacks on Mumbai, the Congress-led UPA government
mounted a forceful diplomatic campaign. It was this campaign that led
to Pakistan admitting, for the first time, that Pakistani citizens were
responsible for the attacks. That admission was a notable victory for
our well thought out foreign policy.
The Middle Path – the Congress’s way
Balance—or the middle path—has always been the hall-mark of the policies of the Indian National Congress.
As the world experiences a severe recession, it is this balance that is standing India in good stead.
is a balance between the public sector and the private sector, with an
important role assigned to cooperatives and self-help groups.
It is a balance between building a modern economy and imparting a new thrust to traditional industries.
It is a balance between promoting employment in the organized sector and protecting livelihoods in the unorganized sector.
is a balance between addressing the needs of urban India and improving
the quality of life and standard of living in our villages and towns.
It is a balance between taking advantage of globalization and ensuring that these benefits flow to local communities.
is a balance between regulation by the government and unleashing the
creative spirits of our entrepreneurs and professionals.
is only the Indian National Congress that cherishes and practices this
balance in all spheres of our national life including in the conduct of
economic and foreign policy.
This balance is needed now more than ever.
III. Achievements of the Congress-led UPA Government
The tireless campaign of Smt. Sonia Gandhi,
President of the Indian National Congress resulted in its return to the
14th Lok Sabha as the single largest party after eight years in the
Opposition. She took the initiative to give shape to the United
Progressive Alliance (UPA) comprising of the Indian National Congress,
its pre-poll allies and supporting like-minded parties. As chairperson
of the UPA, Smt. Sonia Gandhi, along with Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh, negotiated a Common Minimum Programme that became the basis of governance of the coalition.
May 2004 mandate was for a government that would be responsive to the
concerns of the aam admi and to the needs of the poor, the deprived and
This has been achieved in very substantial measure.
May 2004 mandate was for a government that would accelerate economic
growth but with a focus always on livelihoods and jobs, on inclusive
growth and on social justice.
This has been achieved in very substantial measure.
May 2004 mandate was for a government that would take forward the
agenda of empowerment of the weaker sections of society in a forthright
manner with emphasis on education.
This has been achieved in substantial measure.
May 2004 mandate was for a government that would bridge all divides,
that would bring all sections of society together, and give them voice.
This has been achieved in substantial measure.
We let the record speak for itself.
The Major Accomplishments: 2004-2009
accomplishments of the Congress-led UPA government since May 2004 have
been tangible and visible. The manifesto of the Indian National
Congress for the 2004 Lok Sabha elections provided the foundation for
the National Common Minimum Programme that formed the basis of
governance during the past five years. The pledges made in this
manifesto have been translated into reality by the Congress-led UPA
has restored secular and Constitutional values in governance. It has
also made administration markedly more transparent. The Right to
Information Act, 2005 is a historic legislation. It is enabling lakhs
of our citizens in villages, towns and cities to demand responsiveness
and accountability from public officials and government at all levels.
has enacted the path-breaking National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
which is being implemented in all districts to provide 100 days of
legally guaranteed employment to each rural household seeking
employment in public works programmes. Not only has livelihood security
been provided to many lakh poor rural families but durable community
assets have also been created.
has started and achieved considerable progress on the ambitious Bharat
Nirman programme to transform rural India by expanding and providing
irrigation, all-weather roads, houses for the poor, drinking water,
electricity for all poor families and phone connectivity in all
has brought comfort and hope to crores of our farmers and their
families by (i) increasing the MSP and procurement prices; (ii) by
waiving loans to the tune of Rs 65,000 crores; (iii) by increasing
three-fold credit from banks and reducing interest rates on crop loans;
and (iv) by extending irrigation facilities.
has launched the National Rural Health Mission which has already made a
positive impact by improving the quality and accessibility of primary
health care in villages. More children are now being delivered under
the care of trained health professionals. Around six and a half lakh
women have been trained and posted as accredited social health
has significantly empowered the weaker sections of society by (i)
giving scheduled tribes and traditional forest dwellers rights over
land they cultivate in forest areas; (ii) by providing reservations for
OBC students in all professional institutions; (iii) by passing a new
law to protect women from domestic violence; (iv) by giving women equal
rights to inherit property; and (v) by enhancing hugely the
scholarships for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, minorities and
OBCs to pursue college and university education.
has imparted a new momentum to the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan for primary
education. It has also introduced a cooked mid-day meal scheme in all
primary schools that feeds 15 crore children every day. At the same
time, it has for the first time in five decades, increased the number
of colleges, universities, and institutes of technology, management and
information technology. The investment in higher education in the XIth
Five Year Plan (2007-08 to 2011-12) will witness a huge increase – five
times the investment in the previous five years.
has delivered five years of record economic growth. This has enabled an
unprecedented step-up in government spending particularly on (i)
education and health; (ii) on agriculture and rural development; (iii)
infrastructure like power and railways; and (iv) municipal services in
towns and cities. This economic growth has enabled the introduction of
the Aam Admi Bima Yojana (life insurance cover) for one and a half
crore landless households, the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (medical
insurance cover) for six crore unorganized sector workers living below
the poverty line and the Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension scheme
for elder citizens over 65 years of age and living below the poverty
has initiated the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
(JNNURM) with an outlay of Rs.1 lakh crore in 63 cities for upgrading
infrastructure and for providing basic services to the urban poor. Work
amounting to over Rs.42,000 crore is in progress covering areas like
water supply, sanitation and urban transport. 14 lakh houses for the
poor are under construction. Governance reforms under JNNURM has
increased the availability of housing in the 63 cities. A major
programme for improving power supply in 1,420 towns and cities has also
has ensured that all States in the country received financial resources
from the Centre for development schemes and programmes at a scale never
known before. Unlike the NDA’s record during 1999-2004, no State has
faced discrimination in the matter of funds from the Central
Government. Sensitive States of the northeast and Jammu and Kashmir
have benefited enormously and are seeing development activities on a
very large scale. For the first time, the Backward Regions Grant Fund
with an annual allocation of over Rs 5000 crores for 250 of the poorest
districts is being implemented through panchayats.
has earned for India a new respect and stature internationally. Civil
nuclear agreements have been entered into with many countries entirely
on our terms. India has today a place of honour in every global forum.
The sustained campaign led by the Congress President has resulted in
the declaration of Gandhi Jayanti as International Day of Non-Violence
by the United Nations.
has considerably strengthened the country’s capacity and capability to
deal with both external and internal security challenges. New
battalions have been raised and new hubs for anti-terrorist forces
created across the country. A new National Investigation Agency has
also been established. Significant success has been recorded in the
fight against insurgency in some northeastern States and J&K. The
record turnout in the recent assembly polls in J&K by people
braving calls of boycott and threats of violence is a tribute to their
desire for peace and a vindication of the approach adopted by the
Indian National Congress and the Prime Minister personally. The
security forces have also successfully foiled the plans of Naxalites to
expand their nefarious activities. We have raised our level of
preparedness to meet any terrorist threat or attack.
V. The Way Forward
The Indian National Congress says what it means and means what it says.
The Indian National Congress promises what it can do and will do what it promises.
Indian National Congress is irrevocably committed to ensuring that
government functions in the interest of the people for whom it exists
and for whom it works.
National Congress has always believed that the correct approach to
governance is to address the daily concerns of the people and solve
their problems. It is to be responsive and accountable to the needs of
the people. It is that governance is a partnership between the electors
and the elected and that the perceived gap between the people and those
in power must be significantly narrowed.
Dr Manmohan Singh
as Prime Minister has led the country with dignity and firm resolve.
His integrity, maturity and wisdom, together with his unique expertise
and experience, makes him best qualified to lead the nation and handle
the many challenges that India faces, both at home and abroad.
Towards faster and more inclusive growth
Indian National Congress is fully aware that the world economy faces
the worst crisis in 50 years. This crisis has been caused by a failure
of financial markets in the USA and in other developed countries.
However, the Indian economy has shown considerable resilience under the
most adverse international circumstances. This is the outcome of the
policies of successive Congress governments. This is the direct result
of a vibrant public sector that is the legacy of Jawaharlal Nehru,
government ownership of banks that is the legacy of Indira Gandhi, and
a strong private sector that matured and flowered during the tenure of
Rajiv Gandhi and thereafter.
average rate of economic growth during the self-declared India Shining
period of the BJP was just 5.8% per year, as compared to 8.5% during
the five year tenure of the Congress-led UPA government. 2008-09 has
proved to be a difficult year for growth, yet the Indian economy will
grow at about 7%. That is why our immediate priority is to revive the
economy and restore the high growth witnessed in the first four years
of the Congress-led UPA Government.
Indian National Congress will put in place measures to ensure that the
momentum of growth is maintained. Three stimulus packages have already
been announced. Interest rates have been reduced. Credit flows to
industry have been encouraged and assured. The impact of these policies
will be felt in the coming weeks and months.
focus of the new measures will be to stimulate demand in the domestic
economy and to ensure that there is more purchasing power in the hands
of the people and more liquidity in the hands of companies. Public
investment in agriculture and infrastructure, which has increased
appreciably over the past five years, will be stepped up further.
Within 45 days of forming the new Government, the Indian National
Congress will present the regular Budget for the year 2009-10 with the
basic objective of returning to the path of faster and more inclusive
growth, which is so essential for fulfilling all our social and
In keeping with
the promises made in our 2004 Manifesto, the Congress-led UPA
government had set up a number of very important commissions including
the Administrative Reforms Commission, the National Commission on
Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector, the National Farmers Commission,
the National Knowledge Commission and the National Manufacturing
Competitiveness Council. Their valuable recommendations will be taken
up for implementation in a systematic manner and without any delay.
The Work Programme: 2009-2014
addition to consolidating and taking forward the numerous missions,
programmes and schemes launched during 2004-2009, the Indian National
Congress makes the following solemn promises to the people of our
We will guarantee the maximum possible security to each and every citizen.
policy is zero-tolerance towards terrorism from whatever source it
originates. We have already initiated the process of equipping our
police and other specialist security forces with the latest weapons and
technology to meet terrorist threats. This process will be taken
forward vigourously. More specialist battalions will be raised and
positioned in key locations across the country.
is a right and a matter of pride. With the huge IT expertise available
in our country, it is possible to provide every Indian with a unique
identity card after the publication of the national population register
in the year 2011.
We will ensure
the highest level of defence preparedness and also take further steps
for the welfare of the defence forces and their families.
the BJP-led NDA government, over Rs 24,000 crores of funds meant for
defence modernisation were simply not spent. In the last five years,
modernisation of our defence forces has resumed substantially. This
will continue at a rapid pace. The Indian National Congress also
pledges to make India’s defence forces technology-enabled and equipped
with modern weapons, aircraft, ships and delivery systems to repel any
threat from land, sea or air.
their special concerns, a new and separate department of
ex-servicemen’s welfare was established in 2004 by the Congress-led UPA
Government. Ex-servicemen constitute a large cadre of dedicated and
trained persons. We will utilize them extensively in crucial
We will accelerate the process of police reforms
Indian National Congress recognizes the imperative of police reforms. A
clear distinction between the political executive and police
administration will be made. The police force will be better
provisioned especially in the matter of housing and education
facilities; the police force will be made more representative of the
diversity our population; and police recruitment will be made more
effective and training professionalized to confront new and emerging
threats. Accountability of the police force will be institutionalized.
We will build on the success of the NREGA and take the scheme forward
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, first promised by the Indian
National Congress in its 2004 Lok Sabha elections manifesto, has been
an outstanding success.
drawing on the lessons of various social audits, the Indian National
Congress now pledges at least 100 days of work at a real wage of Rs 100
a day for everyone as an entitlement under the NREGA.
Along the lines of NREGA, we will enact a National Food Security Act
Indian National Congress pledges to enact a Right to Food law that
guarantees access to sufficient food for all people, particularly the
most vulnerable sections of society. The Indian National Congress
pledges that every family living below the poverty line either in rural
or urban areas will be entitled, by law, to 25 kgs of rice or wheat per
month at Rs 3 per kg. Subsidised community kitchens will be set up in
all cities for homeless people and migrants with the support of the
We will guarantee health security for all
National Rural Health Mission has already begun to make a noticeable
impact and will be implemented with an even greater sense of urgency.
The Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) introduced by the
Congress-led UPA Government offers health insurance for poor families.
Expenditure on health is a major cause of indebtedness, particularly in
rural areas. The Indian National Congress pledges that every family
living below the poverty line will be covered by the RSBY over the next
three years. Every district headquarters hospital will be upgraded to
provide quality heath facilities to all.
We will ensure comprehensive social security to those at special risk
Indian National Congress will ensure a comprehensive cover of social
security to all persons who are at special risk including (i)
single-woman headed households; (ii) disabled and the elderly; (iii)
urban homeless; (iv) released bonded workers; (v) members of primitive
tribal groups; and (vi) members of designated “most backward” dalit
We will be make quality education affordable to everyone
today has one of the largest educational loan programmes in the world.
Over the past five years, over fifteen lakh students have received
loans totaling more than Rs 26,000 crores and are pursuing various
National Congress now pledges that all students admitted to any
recognized course in any recognized college/university will be
provided, on a need basis, either a scholarship or an educational loan
without collateral repayable over a very long period.
order to ensure quality school education for all children, we have
already made a beginning by approving the setting up of one model
school in every block of the country. Every year, over the next five
years, we will add one more model school in every block.
Indian National Congress pledges to focus more sharply on outcomes and
achievement levels in education and not just on enrolment. It also
pledges a major programme for training of teachers and improving the
physical environment in schools.
massive expansion in higher education has been undertaken in the past
two years—8 new IITs, 7 new IIMs, 5 new Indian Institutes of Science
Education and Research, 30 new Central Universities, 20 new Indian
Institutes of Information Technology and 374 new colleges in
educationally-deprived districts. The Indian National Congress pledges
to ensure that these expansion plans are implemented fully with their
twin focus on excellence and affirmative action.
We will implement a nation-wide skill development programme
is a young country with 70% of the population below the age of 35. To
reap the “demographic dividend”, the Indian National Congress believes
that there is an urgent need to put in place an extensive skill
development programme so that the employability of youth is enhanced.
The Congress-led UPA government has already put in place a National
Skills Development Mission. Rs 30,000 crore will be invested in this
mission which is of crucial importance for the future of our youth.
Funds will be provided to ensure its widest possible coverage. A wider
and more comprehensive spectrum of skills will be imparted.
We will expand schemes for improving well-being of farmers and their families
addition to continuing the programmes that were launched over the past
five years, the Indian National Congress pledges that every small and
marginal farmer in the country will have access to bank credit at lower
rates of interest. While the massive loan waiver scheme has already
been implemented and 3.68 crore farmer-families have benefited from it,
the Indian National Congress now pledges to extend interest relief to
all farmers who repay bank loans on schedule.
Indian National Congress is determined to ensure that farming becomes a
profitable occupation. All measures in support of this objective will
be taken. Programmes for agricultural diversification, agri-processing
and rural industrialization will be pursued systematically. Dairying,
aquaculture, fisheries, horticulture and sericulture will receive an
additional boost. The special needs of crops like tea, coffee, rubber,
spices, cashew and coconut will be met. A renewed emphasis will be
placed on wasteland development and afforestation.
Indian National Congress will implement comprehensive crop insurance
schemes and will also examine the feasibility of direct income support
to farmers in the ecologically vulnerable regions of the country.
Minimum Support Price (MSP) and procurement will be ensured at the
doorsteps of farmers.
on the free movement of farm commodities and processing of agricultural
products and all regulations that depress incomes of farmers will be
National Congress is firmly committed to ensuring that farmers get, at
a very minimum, market rates for the land that is acquired for
industrial projects. The Indian National Congress also believes that
farmers should be given an option to become stakeholders in such
industrial ventures. As a matter of priority, the National
Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2007, that could not be passed
because of the obstructionist tactics of the BJP, will be taken up for
passage in the 15th Lok Sabha. The Land Acquisition Act, 1894 will also
be amended to ensure that the interests of land-owners are more than
We will democratize and professionalise the functioning of cooperatives
Indian cooperative movement comprising about 5 lakh cooperatives with
more than 22 crore members is the largest such movement in the world.
It plays a crucial role in our development. The Indian National
Congress has always stood for its democratic, autonomous and
professional functioning and this will be ensured by enacting
appropriate laws, including making a Constitutional provision.
We will give even greater impetus to the empowerment of weaker sections of society.
empowerment of the weaker sections of society — scheduled castes,
scheduled tribes, OBCs, minorities and women — has been an article of
faith with the Indian National Congress. This will be carried forward
with emphasis on education, particularly skill-based and professional
Education at all stages —
primary, secondary and university — will be free in all respects for
boys and girls belonging to dalit and adivasi communities.
fees for all entrance exams for at least one lakh scheduled
caste/scheduled tribe students every year will be paid by the Central
Government. National scholarships for boys and girls belonging to
scheduled castes and scheduled tribes will be further increased.
Indian National Congress will take steps to ensure that allocations
under the Special Component Plan for scheduled castes and the Tribal
Sub-Plan for scheduled tribes (first introduced by Indira Gandhi over
three decades ago) are made in accordance with their proportions in the
An unprecedented special
drive was launched by the Prime Minister and over 53,000 vacancies in
government have been filled through direct recruitment or promotion of
members belonging to scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. This drive
The Indian National
Congress is deeply committed to pursuing affirmative action for
scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in the private sector. It has
already initiated a national debate on this issue. It also pledges to
carve out a reservation for the economically weaker sections of all
communities without prejudice to existing reservations for scheduled
castes, scheduled tribes and OBCs.
the first time, a separate Ministry of Minority Affairs was created in
May 2004 and the Rajinder Sachar Committee was set up to look into the
social, economic and educational status of the Muslim community in the
country. The implementation of the recommendations of the Sachar
Committee is already under way and an Equal Opportunity Commission will
be established by law. Nearly four lakh scholarships have been awarded
over the past two years alone for pre-matric, post-matric and
professional courses, with more than 50% of these being awarded to girl
students. The Prime Minister’s 15-point programme was launched in June
2006 with physical and financial targets for minorities in all welfare
programmes of the Central Government. A special development package for
the 90 minority-concentration districts in different states has been
Indian National Congress is irrevocably committed to ensuring that the
Constitutional rights of all minorities are protected fully, that the
representation of minorities in public administration increases
substantially, and that minorities recognize that the government is
working for their welfare at all times. The Indian National Congress
has pioneered reservations for minorities in Kerala, Karnataka and
Andhra Pradesh in government employment and education on the basis of
their social and economic backwardness. We are committed to adopt this
policy at the national level. A Wakf Development Corporation will be
established to develop wakf properties. A National Unani University
will be set up. The corpus of the Maulana Azad Educational Foundation
will be doubled.
The Indian National
Congress introduced reservation for women in panchayats and
nagarpalikas. Today, about 40% of the elected representatives in
panchayats are women, compared to a reservation of 33% mandated for
them. This is nothing short of a quiet revolution. The Indian National
Congress will ensure that the Bill for reserving 33% of the seats in
the Lok Sabha and the State legislatures is passed in the 15th Lok
Sabha and that the elections to the 16th Lok Sabha are held on the
basis of one-third reservation for women.
the next five years, the Indian National Congress will endeavour to
ensure that at least half of the country’s rural women population will
be enrolled as members of self-help groups linked with banks and that
they will get loans from banks at moderate interest rates. The Indian
National Congress also proposes to reserve one-third of all central
government jobs for women.
Indian National Congress believes that, in addition to education,
business development programmes are needed on a larger-scale for
scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and women. Preferential policies
will be adopted in government contracts to stimulate entrepreneurial
activities amongst these groups.
security schemes for occupations like weavers, fishermen and
fisherwomen, toddy tappers, leather workers, plantation labour,
construction labour, mine workers and beedi workers will be expanded.
Indian National Congress is deeply committed to ensuring equality of
opportunity and full participation of persons with disabilities,
including the blind, in all sectors of life. To begin with, a
comprehensive review of laws and programmes will be undertaken and the
shortcomings noticed in their implementation will be removed.
We will combat communalism of all kinds and caste atrocities with determination
Indian National Congress reiterates its unflinching resolve to combat
communalism of all kinds and to deal ruthlessly with those perpetrating
atrocities on weaker sections like dalits and women. The Indian
National Congress believes in ensuring the right to compensation and
rehabilitation for all victims of communal, ethnic and caste violence
on standards and levels that are binding on every government. The
Indian National Congress will propose a law that empowers the National
Human Rights Commission to monitor investigation and trial in all cases
of communal and caste violence.
Indian National Congress will bring school curricula of various
communal and sectarian organizations — regardless of their affiliation
—under the regulatory purview of an empowered national body.
We will bring a sharp focus on the special needs of children, especially the girl child
the first time, a National Commission for Protection of Child Rights
was established in 2006. The Commission’s mandate is to ensure that the
welfare of children as guaranteed by various laws is protected and
promoted. New laws have also been passed to prohibit child labour and
child marriage. New schemes to improve the nutritional status of
children, especially girls, and to educate them have been launched in
the past five years. Over 18 lakh anganwadi workers and helpers have
benefited from an increase in their remuneration last year.
Indian National Congress commits itself to the universalisation of the
ICDS by March 2012 and to provide an anganwadi in every habitation and
full coverage of children up to the age of six for food, nutrition and
pre-school education. The special requirements of children of migrant
workers in towns and cities will be met through new programmes in
association with civil society organizations. A number of programmes
have already been launched to combat the still widely-prevalent
phenomenon of child malnutrition and these will be infused with an even
greater sense of urgency.
National Congress will introduce special incentives for the girl child
to correct the adverse sex ratio and to ensure education of girl
children. Girl children in districts that have an adverse sex ratio
and/or low enrolment of girls, monetary incentives will be given to the
girl child to be credited to the girl child’s account on her completing
primary school, middle school, secondary school and higher secondary
We will make elected panchayat institutions financially strong
entirely to the tireless efforts of Rajiv Gandhi, there are some
2,50,000 elected panchayat bodies all over the country with almost 32
lakh elected representatives. It is through such institutions that we
will ensure inclusive governance which is essential for inclusive
economic growth. The Indian National Congress is unwavering in its
commitment to full Constitutionally-mandated devolution of funds,
functions and functionaries to the panchayats. The annual allocations
to gram panchayats that can be used for purposes designated as priority
by the gram sabha will be substantially stepped up.
Indian National Congress will also upgrade the technical capabilities
of panchayat institutions and ensure that information technology is
used extensively to enhance their effectiveness.
We will connect all villages to a broadband network in three years time
connectivity across the country has increased manifold in recent years,
the Indian National Congress pledges to bring the fruits of the IT
revolution to more cities and towns. It also pledges to connect every
village to a broadband network within three years. This will help
locate new, non-agricultural jobs in villages and open vast new
opportunities for our rural youth. Thus the vision of Rajiv Gandhi —
the use of IT for rural transformation — will be realized in even
greater measure. Already, IT is being used in areas like
computerization of land records but we now promise a bolder, time-bound
We will give special focus to the small entrepreneur and to small and medium enterprises
and medium enterprises and the self-employed are the backbone of our
industrial and service economy. They are the major generators of
productive employment for our youth. The Indian National Congress
pledges a “new deal” for SMEs and for first-generation entrepreneurs by
assuring them greater access to collateral-free credit, liberating them
from the multiplicity of laws and forms, and freeing them from the
clutches of inspectors.
National Congress pledges a targeted cluster-based approach to the
growth of SMEs. There are a very large number of such clusters already
in different areas like textiles, food processing, handlooms and
handicrafts, consumer goods, khadi, coir and other traditional
industries, and engineering. These clusters, mostly in small and medium
towns, will be given access to finance, technology and marketing and
will be provided vastly improved infrastructure.
We will maintain the path of high growth with fiscal prudence and low inflation
the experience of 2004-09 demonstrates so vividly, rapid economic
growth creates opportunities for increased government expenditure in
vital areas like education, health, agriculture, social security and
infrastructure. Average growth in the first four years of the
Congress-led UPA government was 9% per year for the first time in our
history. We will strive to maintain this momentum with a relentless
emphasis on growth that accelerates the generation of productive jobs
for our youth. The Indian National Congress is also firmly committed to
maintaining high growth with low inflation, particularly in relation to
prices of essential agricultural and industrial commodities.
Indian National Congress reiterates its commitment to the path of
fiscal responsibility so that the ability of the Centre to invest in
essential social and physical infrastructure is continuously enhanced.
This will require that all subsidies reach only the truly needy and
poor sections of our society. The Indian National Congress will
continue its efforts to create and implement a national consensus on
the public sector and private sector are essential for India’s
continued high growth success story. The Indian National Congress
rejects the policy of blind privatization followed by the BJP-led NDA
government, but believes that the Indian people have every right to own
part of the shares of public sector companies while the government
retains majority shareholding. Public sector enterprises in the
manufacturing sector (like energy, transport and telecom) and in the
financial sector (like banks and insurance companies) will remain in
the public sector and will be given all support to grow and become
industry in India has seen a revival in recent years and this will be
sustained and deepened, particularly labour-intensive manufacturing.
The emphasis in all foreign investment policies will be maximization of
local value-addition and export potential. The Indian National Congress
will ensure that the policies it has put in place for attracting
private investment for oil exploration will also be followed for other
mineral resources, including coal and iron-ore.
Indian National Congress remains committed to ensuring the highest
standards of corporate governance in private companies, especially to
protect the interests of small shareholders and small investors.
Regulations will be made to ensure good corporate governance, ethical
business practices and accountability to all stakeholders.
We will introduce the goods and services tax from April 1, 2010.
Congress-led UPA government successfully implemented VAT throughout the
country. This has brought abundant revenues to all States. The Indian
National Congress now pledges to take the next decisive step and
introduce a moderate goods and services tax (GST). Once GST is
implemented, all other central and state-level indirect taxes such as
VAT, excise duty, service tax, entertainment tax, luxury tax, etc. will
stand abolished and bring substantial relief to the aam admi. GST will
create a seamless national common market for our farmers, artisans and
entrepreneurs and will boost employment. State finances, and more
importantly the finances of panchayats and nagarpalikas, will be put on
a sound foundation.
We will give a completely new look to urban governance
the bulk of our population still lives and works in villages, India is
rapidly urbanizing. But the provision of basic infrastructure in towns
and cities has not kept pace with its requirements. A massive programme
of low-cost social housing and sanitation is needed to make our urban
areas more livable. Recognizing that our towns and cities are engines
of creativity and innovation, the Indian National Congress pledges to
create a new model of urban administration with financially-viable
self-government institutions as the pivot.
We will offer a new deal to our youth to participate in governance
Indian National Congress has always been the party that has reposed its
confidence in youth. It was Rajiv Gandhi who gave all 18 year-olds the
right to vote and it was he who declared Swami Vivekananda’s birthday
on January 12th as National Youth Day. The IT revolution that has
spread in our country has opened up whole new avenues for our youth.
Indian National Congress will design and launch a voluntary national
youth corps which would enable young men and women in the age group of
18-23 to serve up to two years in constructive nation-building
activities for which they will be suitably compensated.
Indian National Congress will also make a beginning to induct youth
into organs of government. As a beginning, it will reserve a proportion
of seats in panchayats and nagarpalikas for men and women below the age
of 35 years without detriment to the existing reservations for
scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, OBCs and women.
Indian National Congress has periodically renewed itself by inducting
young men and women into the Party and entrusting them with
responsibilities. Under the leadership of Rahul Gandhi,
the Indian National Congress has launched a unique exercise to bring
youth from all sections of society and all walks of life into the
political mainstream through the Indian Youth Congress (IYC) and the
National Students Union of India (NSUI). For the very first time in any
political party, there are hundreds of elected youth leaders in Punjab
and Uttarakhand. This exercise is now being conducted in Gujarat and
Tamil Nadu and will soon encompass other parts of the country. This is
a practical demonstration of the deep commitment of the Indian National
Congress to open new political space and opportunities to our youth.
We will protect India’s natural environment and take steps to rejuvenate it
Indian National Congress has declared the sacred Ganga as a “national
river”. The Ganga River Basin Authority has been established with the
Prime Minister at its head for ensuring that development needs are met
in an ecologically sustainable manner. This Authority will be accorded
the highest priority. Water security is of paramount concern to the
Indian National Congress and steps will be taken to enhance it
measurably for local communities.
has an enormously rich biodiversity that is under threat on account of
various reasons. The Indian National Congress commits itself to
strengthening people’s movements whose objective will be to protect and
preserve our bio-resources and ensure their sustainable use.
change has now emerged as a serious challenge for the world community.
India too has begun to feel its impact in different ways. The
Congress-led UPA government has already unveiled a National Action Plan
for Climate Change. It is an acknowledgment of our responsibility to
take credible actions within the overall framework of meeting the
development aspirations of our people for higher economic growth and a
higher standard of living. This action plan will be implemented in
letter and spirit.
We will carry out a massive renewal of our extensive science and technology infrastructure
of the most outstanding legacies of Jawaharlal Nehru is the vast
infrastructure for science and technology that India possesses and
which has made so many far-reaching contributions to the country’s
progress — in agriculture, nuclear energy, defence, space, industry,
energy, telecom and IT. The Indian National Congress is firmly commited
to extend full support to the modernization and expansion of our
science and technology institutions and will ensure that they attract
and retain the best talent from India and abroad.
We will pursue judicial reforms to cut delays in courts
delays in the Supreme Court have come down appreciably in recent years,
delays in High Courts and district courts are still unacceptably high.
The Indian National Congress has always been of the view that justice
delayed is justice denied and will therefore pursue judicial reforms to
ensure timely completion of the hearing and disposal of cases. As a
reflection of this priority, the Gram Nyayalaya Act, a key promise of
our 2004 Manifesto, was passed by Parliament last year. Setting up of
Gram Nyayalayas at the headquarters of the intermediate panchayats and
mobile courts in the rural areas will bring to the aam admi speedy,
affordable and substantial justice.
We will continue to be sensitive to regional aspirations
Indian National Congress is aware that in some large states the
persistence of intra-regional imbalances in development has given rise
to the demand for separate states. While it has introduced several
programmes to redress these disparities, recognising the legitimacy of
these concerns and acknowledging that the solution may vary from one
state to another, the Indian National Congress will find pragmatic
solutions to deal with these demands.
We will ensure energy security for our country
last two years have seen a very sharp turnaround in the addition to
power generating capacity. This momentum will be maintained and it will
be ensured that the country adds at least 12,000-15,000 mw of capacity
every year through a mix of sources—coal, hydel, nuclear and
renewables. Rural electrification and reduction in distribution losses
will be given the highest priority. The Indian National Congress
promises a very significant increase in the share of nuclear power,
both through domestic and imported technology which has now been made
possible by the civil nuclear agreements. The pace of oil and gas
exploration will be intensified. India’s oil diplomacy will be pursued
aggressively. The Indian National Congress will implement a scheme to
supply energy to poor families at affordable prices.
We will take further steps to preserve and promote our heritage
has an extraordinarily rich heritage going back centuries. The Indian
National Congress will take further steps to protect, preserve and
promote this heritage and ensure that its value is fully appreciated,
especially by the younger generation particularly. A statutory National
Heritage Sites Commission will be made fully operational. This will be
an important instrument to strengthen the foundations of our
pluralistic culture and inheritances.
We will continue to pursue an independent, pro-India foreign policy
Indian National Congress has always upheld India’s supreme national
interests and has often braved criticism and opposition both at home
and abroad in defending the country’s interests. At the same time, the
Indian National Congress has always believed that it is India’s
historic destiny to be engaged and connected with the rest of the world
and, in particular, with the countries of Asia.
foreign policy followed in the past five years has yielded handsome
results: the foremost example is the agreements on civil nuclear
cooperation signed with the USA, Russia, France and Kazakhstan.
well-thought out foreign policy and its patient but forceful diplomacy
has obliged Pakistan to admit that its citizens were responsible for
carrying out the dastardly attacks in Mumbai in November 2008. The
Indian National Congress has striven for an enduring peace and for
close economic relations with Pakistan. The Indian National Congress
has also encouraged extensive people-to-people contacts between the two
countries, particularly amongst the younger generation. But the Mumbai
attacks have cast a long shadow on the on-going dialogue and engagement
process. It is now entirely upto Pakistan to break the impasse by
taking credible action against those responsible for the carnage in
Mumbai. If it does so and dismantles the terrorist networks that
operate from its soil, a Congress-led government will not be found
wanting in its response.
long-held policy of the Indian National Congress is that the Government
of Sri Lanka should find an honourable solution to the strife in that
country and ensure that all communities, especially the Tamil-speaking
people, are guaranteed and enjoy equal rights within the framework of a
united Sri Lanka. The Indian National Congress offers to help the
parties reach an agreement as envisaged in the India-Sri Lanka Peace
Accord of 1987 which remains the only basis for a politically
National Congress welcomes the return of multi-party democracy to
Bangladesh and Nepal. It will work with both countries to deepen
bilateral ties across a wide spectrum of areas for demonstrable mutual
benefit. The Indian National Congress also believes that the two
countries must take note of India’s security concerns in a more
National Congress has always championed the legitimate and peaceful
aspirations of the long-suffering Palestinian people and urges that a
viable Palestinian state be established at the earliest.
relationships with countries like the USA, Russia, China and Japan and
with countries of Europe have been transformed by sustained diplomatic
efforts since 2004. These relationships will be further deepened. India
has begun a whole new process of engagement with the countries of
Africa where there is great appreciation of what India has to offer to
them. This engagement will be expanded.
The Indian National Congress will intensify the involvement of overseas Indians in development
Indian National Congress takes great pride, as does the entire country,
in the outstanding accomplishments of overseas Indians in different
fields. The Indian National Congress also acknowledges the vital role
remittances by overseas Indians play in bolstering the country’s
finances. The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs was created in May
2004 to reflect the priority that the Indian National Congress places
on maximizing the contributions of the overseas Indian community to our
country’s economic, scientific and technological progress. A number of
measures have been taken to protect the interests of lakhs of Indian
workers in the Middle East. This will continue to be a matter of
priority. New opportunities will be created for overseas Indians to
play their rightful role in the renewal of institutions of higher
learning and in starting new ventures and businesses. Four new
universities will be established with 50% of the seats reserved for
V. An Appeal
The Indian National Congress has been central to the public life of our country for almost 125 years.
It embodies the very idea of India like no other party.
its long history, the priorities, policies and programmes of the Indian
National Congress have been anchored in a vision of an economically
prosperous, socially just, politically united and culturally harmonious
Steadfastness to basic principles has never impeded responsiveness to new and emerging challenges.
The people of our country have, time and again, placed their trust and confidence in the Indian National Congress.
It has been the relentless endeavour of the Indian National Congress to fulfill the expectations of our people.
Much has been accomplished in the past six decades.
But much more remains to be done.
Indian National Congress comes before the people of India with utmost
humility, proud of its achievements but always conscious of the tasks
awaiting us as a nation.
National Congress appeals to the people of India to vote for it on the
strength of its contributions, its convictions, its concerns and its
Through this manifesto, the
Indian National Congress renews its resolve to remain the foremost
instrument of socio-economic transformation based on conviction,
commitment, competence and compassion .
this manifesto, the Indian National Congress rededicates itself to the
politics of service and the politics of strengthening the foundations
of the modern Indian nation-state.
this manifesto, the Indian National Congress pledges to the people of
our country its determination to implement its promises with a
single-minded sense of purpose.
Vote for the Idea of India: Vote Indian National Congress
Vote for Unity through Diversity: Vote Indian National Congress
Vote for Economic Growth with Communal Harmony: Vote Indian National Congress
Vote for Economic Growth with Social Justice: Vote Indian National Congress.
Vote for Security, Stability, Continuity and Integrity: Vote Indian National Congress
A Vote for the Congress is a Vote For Your Future and the Future of Your Children.
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